This is a simplistic glossary of terms. This glossary is not intended to be complete or thorough. It is only a guide. It is provided to quickly access access and understand the words used by Dadashri in his satsang.
The words of The Gnani Prush Dadashri are verily the ones that liberate. Traditional dictionary meanings of words, which have arisen in satsang with Dadashri, are often inadequate. This is because His words encompass literal meaning (shabdaarth), intent meaning (bhavaarth), and final meaning from the perspective of the Self and Self-realization (parmaarth). The list that follows is a modest attempt to convey all three components where possible. Any unresolved meaning can only be processed in the presence of The Gnani. The English letters are used as pronounced in Gujarati.
These words are frequently compounds of shorter words. If you are confronted with a particular long word, try to break it into component parts and look for the meanings of those parts. The meanings given by Dadashri will not be found in any dictionary. They are form the perspective of the enlightened vision.
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- Enactment of undertaken vows from the perspective of doer-ship.
- Foremost religious guide or worthy preceptor, adept and accomplished in the disciplines and doctrines, expounded by the Arihants [the Living Absolutes]; Often a suffix for reverence.
- Dadashri used this term only for those who have attained the Self, and are directing those who are in the process of progressing on the path of Self-realization. They have yet to attain full omniscience.
- Directive; Command; Consent
- Mental suffering or problems; Psychological pain
- The beginning; Origin
- (Agama, Aagama, Agamas); Scriptures of Jain religion.
- Canonical literature
- The knowledge or experience of the Self in the form of words of the Gnani
To come to
Instructions usually given by God or his Saint; Command
Commandments; Directives; Instructions; Order; Dictate. Also used as Agna
The tendency to do what has been internally decided; Force; Strict belief
Fanatic belief; Insistence
Nourishment, food intake
The element which gives space to all
Anger; Verbal abuse
To become angry
Recall; Confession; Sensing.(Aalocana……in Sanskrit)
Heart-felt avowal or confession of one’s guilt or misdeed before the Guru or God or the Self within; Critical appraisal of one’s real self;
Bliss; Permanent happiness. See sookh
Progress towards the Self
Trustworthy; One who assimilates the essence and propagates the true meaning;
One who brings forth the essential meaning of the true nature of things, once having known all the elements.
Rotation of the Cosmic Time cycle. Infinite time has aeons or cycles, each with two eras:
(a) The Avasarpini- gradually regressive serpentine time round. (b) The Utsarpini- gradually progressive serpentine time round. They follow each other in succession. Each era is further divided into six periods or ‘Cosmic Rotations’ [Aaras]. Of these , we live in the Fifth Cosmic Rotation, namely ‘Dusham’ of the Avsarpini. Of this 2600 years are over. In Mahavideh Kshetra, there is eternally the Fourth Cosmic Rotation , namely Dusham-Sushama. There is a permanent presence of the Tirthankaras at Mahavideh.
Devout worship and devotion; Spiritual practice. To proceed with doubtless devotion and energy.
Inception or first flash of idea; Commencement; Beginning of any action; The work of violence. All entry into the realm of the non-Self is violence. The first internal entry into the process of the antahkaran, denoting the commencement of an internal action which then follows as an act.
[ Note : This is all through the "signature' of the doer ego ],
Repressive or self-tormenting; Suffering (adjective).
Experiencing worries or suffering without hurting or spilling over to any other living entity.
The interest and focus or desire for something external to Self; Worries associated with the sense of loss of that which is alien to the Self.
In Dadashri's words this is a form of adverse meditation. Preoccupation with those whom one is attached to is also arta dhyana
Heart-pouring in prayerful plea; Waving of lamps in Aarati symbolically suggests plea for ‘Pure Light’ within, dispelling the darkness of ignorance.
Lamp waving ceremony, as one sings devotional hyms as offering of inner intent to a deity.
The best ( referring to the Lord Jineshwar, the one desirous of Moksh, and as well as to all who reside in the Arya land). Those who wish to proceed in the path of perfection from imperfection.
Good actions or behaviors : Piety, Truth, Forgiveness etc
The best land where one can mediate on the Self- Atma, and progress in Self-knowledge
Thoughts and realization about the permanence of the soul and obstructing karmas
One with attachment
Strong Attachment; Covetous cleavage; Weakness
Obstruction from karmas that limit progress in knowledge. Inflow, attraction of karmik particles.
One who is absorbed in the teachings of the truly detached liberated great souls
God within the creature is known as Atma or Purush. The Real Self , or Soul ; also denotes the Supreme Soul or Paramatma
The highest or true Self as distinct from the conciousness or ego.
Self realization; Self enlightenment
Experiencing and realizing the Atma; Experience of the Soul
Experience of the self by the Self
One who is concerned only about the gain for the Atma
Addressing the Aatma or Soul
Energy of the Soul
Pertaining to Soul
Veil; Cover curtain; Obscuration
The Quantum of Life or Vitality, not years; Karma fixing it is ‘Aayu Karma’
Non-binding activity; Absence of the inflow of Karmic Matter towards the Self
(abhava) No feelings or attitude towards; No opinion, Non-existence; Negation; Non-perception;
One who is not likely to attain knowledge of the Soul and liberation called moksha.
One who is unlikely to attain moksha; Reprobate
To give protection; literally means release from fear eg. Save animals;
The state which incites no fear in any living being.
Position from which there is no fear of fall
Facilitation of worldly comforts; Prosperity or uplifting in the relative world
Study. A regular practice. Discipline
‘Simple and Open’, being free from intellectualism; ‘Being’, sans intellect, is Abudhapad
Or the state of Gnan in which the intellect does not arise at all. This is the state of the Gnani.
Inanimate or Non-living; Devoid of Consciousness of the Self.
The other five eternal elements namely, pudgal, dharmastikaya, adharmastikaya, akash, and kaal. Otherwise known as the complex of the five eternal elements: matter, inertia, motion, space and time.
Without life or soul
Invisibility austerity; Invisible penance
Religious demerit; Activities not leading to Self or liberation. Unrighteousness
Those acts which promote and lead to dependence
'I am Chandulal' is the beginning of adhikaran kriya
Using instruments of destruction;
Having weapons of hurtfulness
The Lord Hari from whom the world was born, within whom it exists and in whom it finally ends
In Dadshri's words, 'I am Chandulal' is the foundation of the world.
The lower world; The home of infernal beings
To become that which you believe your self to be.
The study of the Self; Relating to the Atma, the Soul; Science of Inner Vision
Path towards the Atma; Inner effort to detach oneself from worldly bonds
The path that leads to the Self
The path of liberation from worldly entanglements.
Non-duality. State of oneness with all. Philosophy that there is nothing more than one soul or Brahma in the Universe; Monism
Effect of ‘deeds’, karmas that asserts on the mortal frame of a soul, without veiling or obscuring the essential attributes of the pure Self. They are:
(a) Aayu (b) Nama (c) Gotra and (d) Vedaniya
Karmas that generate embodiment and particular conditions thereof
Eleventh step on the path of liberation; State when all worldly attractions are overcome
Overcoming all effects of greed leads to this state.
Also Agnana. Knowledge not attended by the right belief
Ignorance; Also termed Ajnana. Gnani's terminology; Ignorance of the Self. Any knowledge that is not leading to the Self.
Wrong belief caused by ignorance of the Self
'I am Chandulal' is agnan
One who is living the worldly life; Sansari without any knowledge (experience) of the Real; See Moodhhatma; One who sees this relative world as Real.
Evident; Not concealed
Neither heavy nor light
Property of being dimensionless; That can not be described in size
Equality of status; Not under any pressure of deviation from the balance of the state of the Self
Neither heavy nor light.
'I am Chandulal' is ego.
'I am Chandulal' with force is aham
Identification with one's ego
Ego (“I am Chandulal”).Also Ahamkar in Hindi, Egoism when ego is in action. (“ I am The doer”)
Evolute of maya
Non-harming; Non-violence; Non-hurting any living being through body, mind and speech
Opulence; Spiritual powers
Divine powers, fortune
Powers that enlighten others as well.
Unborn; Without birth
Non-self; Non-living; sub-divided into (i) Matter
(ii) Space (iii) Time (iv) Dynamic Quality (Dharma) and (v) Static Quality (Adharma).
Non-sentient entity; Insentient; Non-soul
The land of enjoyment only and hence not conducive towards attainment of Self realisation and moksha
That which never finishes or empties
Without a specific method or step or order
Dadashri’s Stepless Path to Liberation; His science of Absolutism
Dadashri's step less path to liberation; Science of Absolutism
Forever; Eternal; That which can never be destroyed.
Grand; Extraordinary; Godly; Beyond this world; Real
Exceptional and extraordinary path to the Real; Nontraditional or non-customary religion.
Formless; That which lacks appearance, touch, smell and substance; Invisible
Sin; Bad action; Failure of vow
Having no beginning
Eternal; Without a beginning or an an end
One who does not eat or drink
Non-Self ; Inanimate things
The State of bliss
(ananta); Endless; Infinite
Absolute infinite perception, enlightened vision
Absolute infinite knowledge; A synonym for kevalajnana
Kevala gyana; Perfect Knowledge
The most intense type of passion which leads to infinite bondage and births and obstructs Self Realization
Tenacious passions; passion that “pursue from the limitless past”, preventing the attainment of samyak darshan, right vision.
State attained when all mohaniya karma ( the one that deludes the Self) is overcome
That which contains innumerable lives
Pure (shuddha) open and eager bhaav; Matchless devotion
Surrender with the highest devotion; Matchless surrender
The State of the Self
Accepting of different views and perspectives in dharmas; Non-absolutism
Doctrine of non-absolutism
Philosophy accepting different views
(Also Antahkarana). The inner organ , comprising of mun or manas( mind ),buddhi ( intellect or determinative faculty ), chitta or citta (function of two components which are gnan and darshan ) and ahamkar ( ego ).
Internal instrument such as mind, intellect, ego and the chit
The inner psychic instrument; mental faculty, giving prompt response or reaction to anything
Composite form of mind, intellect, ego etc
With reference to antaraya karma: that which limits the achievement of any goals.
Karma that restricts the energy-quality of the soul
Inflow of obstructive Karma
Sight into Self
To become invisible; Invisibility
Inner soul possessed of true knowledge; Interior self
The state of perceiving the self within.
The state of existence between death and birth
Inner turmoil; Restlessness
The inner state; interim state.
Introspection. Looking at the errors within.
Knowledge of Soul
Faced within; Meditative
The vision of the enlightened self
The tendency to revert to the bliss of the Self, only possible after Self realisation.
Indweller; The One who resides within.; The Supreme Lord; The Self.
Servant; Care giver
Grace; Piety; Higher help.
Compassion towards all suffering
Small vow; Five minor vows against: violence, falsehood, stealing, carnality and possessiveness
Thinking ill of others
Adverse meditaion, that which leads away from the Self.
Emperical; Not in the interest of the higher good.
Not conducive to salvation, freedom.
Life forms or jivas formed from water
One who always strives to be aware of the Self
Constantly awakened to the state of the Atma
Statement of an authentic personality
Statement of the Self realised.
Unusual, unique, non-traditional, exceptional; as in- Akram Path
Displeasure in regard to sense activities
rati is pleasure
(cf: The lamp-waving ceremony = Aarti)
The one without Passion; The conqueror of all passions-kashaya;
Realized soul with kevala jnana, absolute knowldge
Existance at false location, e.g. I am Chandulal
Feeling of existence, acceptance of this existence as real, e.g. I am Chandulal. Deluded world view
Mournful meditation….does not cause harm to others. See Raudra-dhyana
Thing perceived. See Paramartha
Not influenced; Without company
No interest in company except when concerned with the Atma
Free from embodiment; A Siddha; The state of the Gnani
One not concerned with the body; One who is established as the Self
What causes unpleasant feeling; pain-feeling; That which brings pain
The inflow of pain bringing feeling
Nonbeneficial; Paapa; Inauspicious or sinful (karma); See Shubha
Asrava; Aashrava; Aastrava
Influx of Karmic matter into the nature of soul; Inflow, karmic
The attraction of good or bad matter by the soul in virtue of its mental, verbal and physical activity.
The thought-activity invites the karmic matter to the soul.
One with substances from many different worlds
Belief in transmigration of the soul
Existence; the real basis; The true nature of anything
Faults (dosh) committed without intentions to commit errors.
Aggression through thoughts, speech or action.
Beyond the reach of senses
To be absorbed in the Self
The Knowledge of the Self
Vision of the Self
Religion of the Self
Experiencing the Self.
Knowledge of the Self.
The One who has known the Self and is the Self.
The bliss of the Self
Faith in the Soul's inherent powers
Established in the qualities of the Self.
Experience of Atma ; the experience of the Self;
Abiding in one’s own nature, the Self.
The essential nature of the Self
Being the Self.
Attunement with the Self
To join with the Self.
Ever attuned to the Supereme, Absolute, Pure Self
The Enlightened Self
One, for ever in harmony with pure Self.
Display of the ability to concentrate and attend to multiple activities simultaneously
Transcendental knowledge of material substances; Knowledge of recognising ‘play of pudgal’ without the aid of physical senses; Knowledge of the distant, non-sensible in time or space. Clairvoyance
The third level of knowledge where one can know things beyond the capability of the senses; clairvoyance
Descending round; Regressive half-cycle
The descending stretch in the cycles of Time, when powers of all living things slowly decline; lasts for 10 “kodakodi saagar;
State of things, state of events, state of feelings
Circumstantialised; Absorption of the self in a phase of life.
Having come under the snares of circumstances.
Transcendental knowledge of material things
Knowledge of the nature of a thing within the limitations of physical elements- Space,Time and Feeling
Vowlessness; Non-renunciation; One who is without self-control.
Virati means to stop, from the perspective of the Self. Avirati means to be continued in the meditation as the Self. In the non-Self world the above meaning applies.
Intense attachment; Non abstinence; Non renunciation
The state of ignorance
Discourteous; Indiscriminate; Unable to decide between the truth and untruth, the beneficial and the harmful
Also Avatar. Incarnation. Incarnation of God or Goddess into a human or animal form; To enter into a body
Superiority over joy and grief
Without restriction or pain
The quality of the Self, which is beyond pleasure or pain, which does not cause pain nor feels pain.
That which has not expressed. eg the Self in the one who believes 'I am Chandulal', is avyakta.
That which never ages or disintegrates
The highest pinnacle of spiritual ascent: the last Guna-Sthana or the last stage of spiritual evolution, when all the vibrations of mind, speech, body totally stop. This too-brief stage makes the soul ‘Kevalin’
Karma that determines the span of a given time; Longevity determining karma
External; Worldly desires and emotions
Exterior self; Perception of the external as the Self
Attracted matter had actually become a part of our body, i.e., when it has become bound to the soul as the body is already bound to it.
The matter comes and binds the soul.
Bondage. Activity that binds the self by karmic matter
The state of bondage; Energy that brings about karmic influx
Awareness. Here, awareness of the Real. Dada also used the term Bhon
An intoxicating drink
Detailed criticism (literary)
(Also Bhava) Mental attitude. Feelings, Intention, actuality. The state that distinguishes the Soul
A word that is closest to “emotion” or “wish” but has also part of the meanings of the words “result”, “property”, “substance”
Belief; Identification through feeling and thinking; Emotional existence; State of feeling or thinking
State that distinguishes the Soul
Inner violence; "Charge " violence
Charge karmas; Deed through the impact of one’s belief or state of thinking;
Psychic mind. In Dadashri’s terminology all bhava is in the relative sphere and is linked to
charging of karmas
Absence of identification, with the consequential ‘discharge’; Perception of any activity-‘charge’-as a passing phase.
Mental attitude. Contemplation
Here, an article, showing the path of undifferentiated cognition of the ‘Self’, supporting practice
Meaning with reference to internal feeling
Sense, deep inner intent, as a mode of the soul
Delusion resulting in attachment and abhorence (raag and dwesh)
'I am Chandulal' is bhaavnindra.
The internal aspect of a devotional practice
Stillness of the Atma being free from bhaavs
A town in India where Dadashri had his childhood and adulthood.
The Lord within. Prabhu; Paramatma- attributes to the Arihant or the Liberated Soul.
Bhagwan Mahavir Swami
The Twenty fourth Tirthankara on this earth. The last One in the present Avsarpini Kaal, decending time cycle.
Bhagwan Rushabhdev or Rishabhdev
The First Tirthankara, the Absolute Scientist; First sociologist, reformer, administrator, agrituralist. He renounced the kingdom, entrusting the throne to his eldest son, Bharat; First initiator of Tri-Mantras; also known as ‘Dada’ - Lord Adishwar
Religious song in praise of God
Devotion; Self surrender in devout worship; Reverence
In Dada's terminology -- a) to approach nearer and nearer to the Self
b) to follow as instructed by Gnana
Son of Lord Rishabdeva, the first chakravarti
See Jambu Dwip; This world of ours
Realm of births
Worthy of Liberation; soul that may attain moksha;
One who is capable of attaining moksa
Likely to attain moksh
The knowledge that separates the Self and the non-Self;
The one who knows and is able to separate the Self and the non-Self.
Akram Vignani Dadashri.
Gnani Purush Dadashri.
Realm of enjoyment; Land of enjoyment
Past. see Bhavishya and vartman
Deluded activities without realizing the Self. without becoming a ‘Purush’ (Self). Egocentric activities
Illusion; Wrong belief; Ignorance
Name of a great yogi and King who realized the Self through painful life experiences.
As in panch mahabhuta These are five elements - Space, Air, Fire, Water, Earth
One of the demi-gods- the creator of the Universe
Oneness with Brahman , the Self; God-realised
Celibate; One who has reached the tenth level of Spiritual path of enlightenment....goonsthanak.
The state of freedom from all aspects of sexuality, through thoughts, speech and acts. The State of the Self.
A life of Celibacy and chastity, devoted to the attainment of the Self.
To delve in the Self
Control of sexual energy. State of life of learning and purity
Absolute; the Self
Residing as the Self
Ignorance and illusion
A person belonging to one of the four classes of the Hindu Society, expected to be performing and in the pursuit of religion, spiritual practices, scriptural study etc
Vivid determination; Intellect; Knowledge
Intelligence; The determinative faculty of the mind which makes decisions; Rationalizing faculty of mind, which shows profit and loss in the worldly affairs.
Life behind that which appears alive.
The State of the Self
One filled with virtues of absolute knowledge
King of Kings; Lord of six continents; Supreme lords
Undifferentiated cognition conditional upon the eye
Visually evident; what can be seen by the eyes
Super-fine and lustrous body
The last body that the Atma has before liberating to moksha, final liberation into siddha state
Feet. (see Soocharan)
Character; Irreproachable moral conduct
There are two types of conduct, the worldly or the non-Self and the Self.
That conduct of the non-Self that remains after the Self has separated. It is, as Dadashri says, ‘Discharge moha’. The awakened one within is free from the illusion, and hence it is called charitra moha, discharge moha. As opposed to the delusion of the worldly being whose moha is called darshan moha because he beleives that he is Chandulal and this is happening to him.
Character-deluding; Which deludes the right conduct
What deludes the right conduct
For the mahatmas of Dadashri this is applicable to the non-Self, and hence will discharge and not delude any more beyond the discharge.
Of the Gnani liberator.
The four worlds of existence within which the soul migrates: god or deva, human form, existence in hell and existence as a beast or plant
Four-sensed (touch, taste,smell and sight)
Fourteen Cosmic Planes
Life or living element; the Self; Pure; Unalloyed consciousness
Along with Amrutatva, is a common attribute of the class of substance, or group of attributes, called Soul. Consciousness
Six bodies or forms of life - earthly, water, fire, vegetative, air and tras (with senses and feelings)
Soul which is still covered with karmas; One that has not achieved omniscience or Keval Gnan
A being involved in the world
Discursive thought; Worries
The subtlest part of inner organ which takes exact pictures, visualizes inside without help of any external things; Roving tendency or faculty of mind; Also citta, the function of the inner organ antahskaran which has properties of Gnan (knowledge) and darshan (view)
Reflective and roving tendency or faculty of mind is chitvrutti.
Atma in the state of knowledge
Prediliction or tendency to seek pleasure in non-Self (worldly pleasures)
Renouncement of four substances at night: Khadya - food, Svaadhya - taste producing substances such as mint etc., Lehya - one that may be licked and Peya - drink, even water
Succession of twenty four Tirthankars in one era of Time-cycle, putting succintly ‘Score-and-Four’
Charity; Beneficence; Alms giving
An Indian dish of dumplings dipped in yogurt.
Vision. Direct experience of spiritual energies and forces.
Seeing; A view or an audience; State of Oneness of the perceiver and the perceived; Right Belief
View, may be external (Mithya, bahya, worldly) or internal (Samyak, antar, enlightened)
To see; To become evident from the senses or directly from the perspective of the Self without the need for thought or imagination.
The sight or beholding of the deity or holy person with reverence or devotion
Urges for visual gratification
Infatuated desire to see a pleasing form
The term kriya here applies in the relative realm only.
An infatuated state when one loses one’s real identity in the object; ‘Charge Moha’
Delusion of attitude or vision
That which makes one forget the Self
Attitude-deluding or belief-deluding
Viewing the world as, 'I am Chandulal' and 'this is my world'.
One that attracts and deludes the self. Maya
Right-belief-deluding karmic matter
Attitude-deluding or belief-deluding (karma)
That which veils the right vision. The right vision is the vision of the Self.
That restricts realization of the Self.
Superimposition of the physique and the physical over the Self.
The belief that “I am the body” or “I am Chandulal”
The temple of the tirthankaras.
Immortal utterances of the Absolute or the Arihants; Divination
The words that liberate for ever.
see ‘Gati’; Gati: migration of the Self into different states of existence
A cosmic plane where Celestial beings live. They are capable of changing forms, visiting other planes etc.
Abode of demi-gods
Heavenly beings; Ultimate divinity
The Celestial Beings
(Lit., shinning ones) Divine Beings. Devis, female. Celestial beings
God of gods; The Supreme Lord
Religion; Righteousness; Moral or social duty and law; Code of ethical conduct; What leads to prosperity and emancipation; Religious merit;
Self-identify; The Principle of Motion. Real religion of the Self.
The inner(innate) property of a thing, which governs its growth. See goona or guna, religion, morality (in worldly sense)
duty; that which liberates us from the dukkha of the world and leads to true joy of the Atma
Analytical meditation; Virtuous concentration;
Absence of adverse meditative states of inner or outer violence, arta or raudra dhyana through attainment of right vision
[Dada explains: When someone throws a stone at you and you get hurt, that person is just a nimit and whatever happened is a result of fruition of your own past karmas, this awareness is dharmadhyaan.]
That which supports living creatures, just as water supports fish
The eternal element that stills a living entity in space. Inertia as opposed to motion.
White cotton or linen garment wrapped around the waist and tucked in.
Physical substance which exists externally
Substance which undergoes modifications but which by nature, is imperishable
Eternal element. There are six such elements. Matter, space, motion, inertia, time and the Self.
Violence manifest through thoughts, speech or action
Repeated singing of the Lord's name
Conciousness without thought. Contemplation; Meditation; Constant Vision
Concentration-internal austerity. Meditation
A Sect of Jainism, lit. ‘sky-clad’ or ‘naked’, implying: nothing that is non-self merits owning
Sky-clad; name of the Jaina sect whose mendicants practice ascetic nudity
Dadashri's term for a digambar is the one who is as vast and naked as the sky, the Self.
Initiation unto monkhood
Dadashri: The awakening of the Self after infinite lifetimes of slumber, the separation from the notion that 'I am this body'.
Divine eyes through which one ‘sees’ the relative and the Real as separate
The process of perception, vision
The change of vision or view e.g. from ‘I am this body’ to ‘I am pure Soul’
Objective world; External object
Exclusive attachment to a particular view-point; monomania
Effect karmas; Karmas which obstruct knowledge- there 8 types
Physical mind; Mind-quality substance
Form of worship employing external objects
Suffering or pain
Not attained; Attained only after taking pains
Not easily attained.
The Fifth epoch [Ara], according to the Jain Chronology. The current times of crises and calamities, vices and woes
Also called Kaliyug
Two-sensed (touch and taste)
Hatred in the pleasing and displeasing worldly objects of the five senses; Aversion;
Abhorrence. A situation arising out of ignorance of the Self. See raag.
(see Ishwar) Pure nature
One-sided; Taking only one aspect of a many-sided thing e.g. Man is mortal and immortal regarded from the point of view of body only.
Single-minded; Single visioned
Viewing anything from a persistent focused perspective to the exclusion of other views
One pointed ness. Concentrating on one thing at a time.
One more life
A being with only one (namely, the tactile) sense faculty; a synonym for sthavar
Compulsory, no choice, also known as Prarabdha, according Dadashri
Discharge; Disintegrating; Excretion or output . See puran and pudgal
Fission; Dissociation; Throwing out
Chief disciple or apostle of the Tirthankar
Direct disciple of the Tirthankaras' Supporters of the order, i.e., the first mendicant disciples of a Tirthankara
Conception. The womb
Migration of the Self into different states of existence: viz (i) Deva Gati - that of celestial beings, (ii) Narka Gati - that of hellish denizens, (iii) Manushya Gati - that of human beings and (iv) Tiryanch Gati - that of non-human beings, like birds, animals, insects, plants etc
Condition of existence
A Brahmin scholar who became the first and the formost disciple, ganadhar of Bhagwan Mahavir Swami; main compiler and editor of his Divinations; Fully self-realized; Incidentally he was a Vidhyadhar, named ‘Vegavan’ in Mahavideh Kshetra in his third previous life. His other names were Indrabhuti or Goyama
Destructive karma; That which veils or obscures the essential nature of the pure Self, and so called ‘Ghati’ or destructive: There are four such : (a) Gnanavaraniya that restricts knowledge of the Real (b) Darshanavaraniya that restricts vision of the Real(c) Mohaniya that are delusive and cause attractions and finally (d) Antaraya that limit the achivement of any goals of liberation.
Knowing; Knowledgeable (as in Gnat-putra)
The Knower or the seer (i.e. The Self).
The Observer is the Seer
The Knower is the Gnaata.
The Knower -The Seer
Giver of the ultimate knowledge
Father of Knowledge, The Gnani Purush.
Receiver of the ultimate knowledge
Knowledge. Here knowledge of the Self or the Real (also Gnana, Gyana ,Gyan, Jyana;); Real Knowledge; Self-realisation; Discriminating knowledge; Conciousness
The fire of Knowledge
Veiling of knowledge
The view through knowledge, also known as Gnan darshan
State of Ultimate realization
Effort of the Gnani…here the highest effort of the Gnani; see Gnan Vidhi
Power of knowledge; Energy of the Self
Exclusive for Akram Vignan..see Gnan Prayog. This is the “process” of 48 minutes wherein the Gnani graces the seeker and imparts the Knowledge of the Self….see Bhed Gnan
see Gnan Vidhi
Knowledge-obscuring or knowledge-covering
One in total Self-realization; The Absolute
One who has realised the Self. Also syn., Jnani or Gyani
The Self State.
One who has realized the Self and is able to do the same for others.
Cultivation of knowledge; Being in the Self
Aware; Application of awareness of the Self
Focused awareness of the Self on the non-Self.
Internal spiritual activity
To join with the Self through knowledge
Substances that are appropriate to know
also Jneya; The object to be known (i.e. the Non-Self)
Qualities born of nature. Also guna in Hindi
Quality(of substance) ; Attributes; Elements or energies
Also Goonasthana. Stages of spiritual development
Status-determining; Family surroundings
That which destines the family surrounding, rank etc. through one’s birth
Karmas that determine environmental circumstances
Karmas that bring forth gurutva-lagutva
Attainment of the status of ‘Pure-Self’; Realisation of the Self
Receiving; Grasping, opposite of Tyaga
Knot of intense attachment or repulsion. Knot of delusion.
Householder; Devout follower who still runs a normal household
Qualities born of nature.....(also Goona); Attributes
Quality or trait. There are three: Rajas--active; Tamas--passive and Sattvas-- the balance of Rajas and Tamas
Stage of Spiritual development;
Stage of spiritual enlightenment; there are 14 such stages, each higher in range of gunas or virtues that are attained by the vyavahaar atma (spiritual seeker) following the Right (samyak) path
That which is intrinsic and stays with each dravya...as compared with paryaya...which is the changing aspect of dravya
'The dispeller of ignorance'. A guide. A realised perceptor who can guide the sincere.
The term guru is reserved only for the relative world in Akram Vignan. The Gnani who is eternally detached from the thoughts, speech and act is no one's guru. He is the liberator and giver of moksha.
The Master-key for a Guru (a spiritual guide)
That which will prevent a worldly guru from sinking.
Ashadhi Purnima - a holy festival-Disciples pay homage to their Guru, spiritual master
The most heavy and high; Topmost
Dadashri defines guruttam as that which destroys all spiritual efforts. It leads one into the snares of worldly entanglements. It denotes the desire and inner efforts with consequent display of superiority and or the exercise of control and mastery over fellow human beings. Desirable as it might be in worldly progress, it represents a major obstacle on the path of liberation. See laghuttam...which is the opposite of guruttam
The Self; He who removes all obstacles
Violence; Injury; Harming;
The power of desire. The shakti or energy of desire
An organ of sense, sense organ; Organs of perception and action
One that can be known by the senses
Knowledge born of 5 senses; Sensuous direct cognition
(also Isvara; Eeshwara); God
God., with attributes , saguna. The Absolute or the Supreme Self , is without attributes , nirguna., Brahman.
The grace of God
The variety of naama-karma that determines one’s specific destiny
Knowledge of one’s previous lives
Inert. Physical body without conciousness.
Matter devoid of chetan, life.
World. 'That which is always going'
One who studies the science of the Jinas or worship the Jinas, the Tirtahankaras
A faith that preaches the path of Self-realisation and liberation through the conquest of the foes to the attainment of the pure Self.
A sweet dish - swirl shaped batter fried and soaked in syrup
As per ‘cosmology’ by the Omni-scient Absolutes , the Universe [Cosmos] is, in shape, comparable to a symmetrically built man, in whose extremities are hellish worlds; central portion encloses the animal and human worlds; breast, neck and head are composed of the celestial worlds. Above these worlds of gods, there is ‘Siddh-Sheeta’. It is the central abode of the Liberated Souls, who are ever radiant and in Bliss, free from all attachment or sorrow and suffering. In shape, it can be likened to a canopy concave below and convex above.
Now the universe, as described above, has Mount Meru in the centre around which runs the first continent Jambudwip- The Jambu Island, as it surrounded by the Lavana Samudra[Ocean]. In Jambu-dwip, there are 15 planes, inhabited by human beings. They are ‘Karma-Bhumi’, offering scope of liberation to the inhabitants through endeavour and effort. These fifteen planes are : 5 Mahavideh Kshetras + 5 Airavat Kshetras + 5 Bharat Kshetras.
We belong to Bharat Kshetra. Our earth, including India, is Arya-Khanda, a subdivision of Bharat Kshetra
Also known as Janak Videhi , an Indian king : an account of his Self realization can be found in the Ashtavakra Gita.
Repetition of some invocation or God’s name
literally , 'muttering ', but as an abbreviated form of nama-jap it means repetition of the name of God. See mantra Repetition of some invocation or God’s name
Jai Sat Chit Anand ( Western world), Jai Sacchidanand (Gujarati)
Glory to Truth, Bliss and Joy Eternal-The attributes of Pureself
Sat= Eternal Chit= Awareness Anand= Bliss
SatChit= eternal awareness
Jai= glory, greeting of the glory to the ...
The Awareness Of The Eternal Is Bliss
(also Jiva). The incarnated Atma. Worldly souls having bodies; Embodied souls; Atma; Essence of life
Soul; Individual self
Sentient entity; Living, Soul; Individual soul; Living creature.
The one who lives and dies
The worldly nature of soul. Individual conciousness.
Atma capable of true knowledge and realization; One that can exist in all the different realms
Liberated while still in the body. Freedom from worldly life while living.
State of embodied freedom; Embodied beings free from bondage
Emancipation during life; Self Realisation
One who is liberated while still alive. Synonymous with Videhi. This is the first stage of Moksh that Dadashri's Akram Vignan represents.
Inherent power of a Jiva, sentient being
Inquisitiveness; Curiosity; Enquiry
Victor over love and hate (raag and dvesh); One who has realized the Self.
Spiritual victor, a synonym for a Tirthankara
Literally ‘the victor’; One who has attained omniscience
(also Jineshwar); The fully realised one. The enlightened one. Tirthankara
The Supreme Soul, Arihant, who has triumphed over all the foes to the Pure Self,’Liberation Incarnate.’ [The Supreme Soul, who has controlled his sense and ‘subjects’, and conquered all the passions and foes to the Pure Self.]
Posture of meditation of a Jina. Usually sitting in padhmasana withthe palm of the right hand resting on the palm of the left.
Individual soul.; Living creature; ‘Charged’ self, a bound soul;
One who experiences liberation in this very birth
Embodied beings free from bondage
Emancipation during life; State of embodied freedom
One who is liberated while still alive
Syn. with Videhi. This is the first stage of Moksh that Dada talks about
A state of the worldly being who identifies himself with the body
Also Jap, Japa, literally 'muttering', but as an abbreviated form of nama-jap. It means
repetition of the name of God. See mantra. Repetition of some invocation or Gods' name.
Period of existence of substance; Time
[Dada explains: A new subtle body created (in Agnanta) in process of discharging of past karmas. This will become a Kaarya (effective body; discharging) sharir for the next life upon death. This is how life cycle continues from birth to birth.]
The transmigrating body of karmic matter
The essential body that is covered with knowledge obstructing karma
[see Kaaran sharira]
Activity of the body
Extended entity; Movement of body
To focus away from the body and to the Soul; meditate on the Self
Abandoning attachment to the body and contemplating on the Real Self; initial spiritual practice for any devine help, also known as ‘Kausagg’
Abandonment of the body, a standing or sitting posture of meditation
Dadashri: To arise and remain above the thoughts, speech and acts.
Soup made with chickpea flour, yogurt and spices, common in Gujarat
The State of Omniscience or Absolutism
The current time cycle also known as doosham kaal , characterized by a progressive decline in spiritual knowledge and, consequently, the degeneration of human civilization.
Realization;. The state of one who has received Agnas in the path of Moksha
The one who liberates others
Actions operating through the law of "cause" and "effect"
Incomprehensible activity of life
There are three principal meanings :
(2) consequences of actions,
(3) destiny :
In Dada's terminology all action of current life is karmaphal- fruits of karma, and not karma. Activity in the material world , which always entangles one in some reaction , whether good or bad.
Deeds which leave the causes [Deed; causes of any doing].
Action that covers the soul and prevents realization
Land of spiritual effort where mankind exist, engage in commerce and are subject to accumulation and discharge of karma; the world suitable for achieving true knowledge and liberation
Fruition of karmas charged from past life
The fruits; Result; Discharge ; Of action
Activity conciousness; The subjective mind
The scientific experiential knowledge of karma
External spiritual activity; Attainment of the Self through action
Motor organs; Organs of action
A person who has to go through the results of his previous karmas
Hidden desires. Passions (Anger, false pride, deceit, greed) that obstruct right knowledge and behavior; that extend karma and involvement in the world;
Self-binding mental tendencies: anger, deceit, pride and greed
Glorification of God; Singing in praise of God
Absolute One; Pure and perfect
The Absolute; Undifferentiated Cognition
Perception associated with Keval gnan
Pure and perfect knowledge
The Omni-Science, Absolutism; Omniscient knowledge
Knowledge isolated from karmic obstruction; Infinite knowledge; Omniscience; Knowledge involving awareness of every existent in all its qualities
Ultimate True and Complete Knowlege; Tantamount to attainment of moksha
One who has attained kevalgnana, a synonym for Arhat
One in the State of Omniscience or Absolutism
Free from all attachments except for the design of showing others the path of liberation
Practical, shrewd detached Gnani
A simple rice and lentil dish
Singing the glorification of the Supreme Lord, here, the Self
Order; Sequential order
Step-by-step; Orderly . See Akram
Incarnation, The Voice of The Gita, Symbolically the cosmic consciousness of the Pure Self, A Salakha Purush, Incarnation of Vishnu,’ Vaasudev’, A Gnani Purush.
Urge, any action of thought, speech or body. Activity
Power of action
The mental state attained by destroying karma, such as kevalagyana and kevaladarshan
Character attained by destroying deluding karmas; A state of stillness.
This is attained in Akram Vignan through the following of Dadashri's Five Agnas.
The state of fully annihilated passions; The one whose passions (Kashays) are fully destroyed;
Initial experience of the ultimate; Truth after destroying all passions
In Akram Vignan the Self that is attained, in the Gnan Vidhi, is synonymous with this level of spiritual attainment.
The knowledge and clarity of vision reached in the absence of the seven natures of karma
Right belief is samyak darshan in Akram Vignan.
I am pure Self, is right belief
The State within Dadashri's five Agnas is this darshan.
Union with True knowledge; Continuous and consistent realization of the same
That which arises and subsides. The worldly kashayas have not been annihilated yet.
Member of warrior caste.
Dadashri defines the kshatriya trait as the one who is not indecisive, and this is very helpful in matters of progress in the path towards enlightenment.
Total dissociation and distruction
Cosmic plane. See Jambudwip
Naturally or automatically occuring
A bad guru who does not have knowledge of the soul
Dadashri defines this as the one who will take you away from the path of liberation.
Yogic power, this has no relationship in the Science of Self Realization ..Primordial cosmic energy located in the individual.
Mystical centers of psychic energy
Highly revered, self realized Digambar Acharya [About 100 A.D.]. Author of many scriptures, throwing light on the essence of and evolution of Pure Self,’ A ‘Parinamvadi’.[ A Digambara Acharya, a ‘Parinamvadi’ philosopher whose Samayasara, Niyamsara, Pravachanasara are the authority of the Digambaras (1st or 5th Century A.D.)]
Undeserving; Bad character;
Powers gained by the destruction of veeryantraaya karma that saps strength; destruction of the coverings of sruta-gyaan
The Lowliest and Lighest in the Relative being; Ego-less;
Mundane; Of this world, Relative
Traditional or Relative Religion
Worldly viewpoint; Common viewpoint
Goddess of wealth and prosperity.
The state of being covered
That supports all substances; a world
Worlds or planes of existence. Inhabited by intelligent beings.
See ' Alaukik Dharma'
To adopt the view of the worldly folks
A ceremony of hair plucking
Sense of self-esteem; Conceit or pride
False sense of entitlement for the relative self, seeking validation, seeking appreciation. Any obstruction to such inner drive results in anger.
That power which creates and maintains the universe's apparent diversity or to put it in other words, that which causes the One to appear as many. Vedantic definition.
Dadashri: Ignorance of the Self; The force that pulls one towards the physical and mental senses; The cosmic illusion on account of which the relative appears as real.
Fascination for transitory objects out of ignorance or illusion.
Deceit as one of the four kashayas, eg, anger, pride, deceit, greed. Maya operates through deception. It deceives the self.
Illusive worldly happiness
Middle of terrestrial world
The one who has received the Gnan of Dadashri and is following the Agnas of Dadashri the Gnani Purush.
A special world from where souls can attain final moksh through darshan of existing Tirthankara
Birth anniversary of Lord Mahavir
Great vow; Sadhu’s vows are known as mahaa-vrat
The five great vows of a mendicant
Austere Vows of a Renouncer
Friendship; Having no dislike or hate for anyone or anything in the world
Attachment with a sense of ‘mine’.
The natural consequence of the sense 'I am Chandulal' is 'my'.
Intuition of mental modes
Psychic mode; Telepathy; Mind-reading
Intuition of the modes of other minds;
Direct awareness of thought forms of others without the aid of mind or senses
Transcendental knowledge of the thought and feelings of others, occuring without the medium of physical senses
Direct awareness of what thoughts are going on in the mind of other person before echo is heard in one's inner instrument(antahkaran)
The empirical mind
Probing; Thought; Mind
The faculty of the inner organ , antahkaran , sometimes translated as "mind" ; which is the substrate for all thoughts
Matter constituting mind; Mind substance
Born of mind
Sacred invocation; Transcendental chant that soothes and purifies mind
The sacred formula used in jap , or repetition of God's name; Sacred words given to a disciple by a guru ; See Trimantra.
The formula that holds the mind in one state
Words that can effect the devas or gods; words to meditate on; secret conversation
Living beings with manas….mind. Humans
Lack of freedom from passions; Lack of inner detachment
The one bound by one's own opinions and judgements.
Sensory knowledge; Perceptual knowledge
A form of Knowledge acquired through sense perceptions
Mind-based knowledge; Sensuous knowledge
Knowledge gathered through the senses and the mind
Blending of consciousness, of the Self and the non-Self; Partially pure, partially non-pure sensation
Contrary to one's nature
Vitiated; Perverted; False; Deluded
Wrong belief, synonymous with mithyadrsti and mithyatva
Sceptical deluded view
Deluded world view
'I am Chandulal' is mithya darshan.
One who has no awareness of the atma
Incorrect view of reality, the first gunasthana
A person of perverted attitude; wrong view ; Perverted vision
The vision of Chandulal.
Perverted knowledge; Wrong assessment of values; Delusion; Nescience; Wrong cognition
The knowledge of Chandulal.
Wrong faith; misbelief
Wrongness; Perverted attitude; Perversity; Predilection for the untruth
Illusion or the non-real taken as the Real; False belief e.g. I am Chandulal.
Lack of insight; synonymous with mithyadarshan and mithyadrsti; Vision deluding
The worldly wanderings of Chandulal.
Delusion; False belief
Attraction, that makes the atma crazy…forgets self and other…gets one focussed on an external object
Attraction arising out of lack of awareness of the Self.
Karma that are delusive and cause attractions.
Deluding karma; Karma that prevents the true perception of reality and the purity of the soul; karma that defiles the bliss-quality of the soul
Out of the 8 types of karma, this is the most powerful - it makes the atma forget itself
This is the one which prevents Self-realization.
Ultimate spiritual liberation from material bondage. Ultimate salvation or liberation from the fetters of maya
Liberation of the soul from karmas, from the cycle of birth and death; Salvation; Freedom
Emancipation from the cycle of birth and death; the total separation of Soul from the bondage of all matter
Dadashri's moksha is in 2 stages. First here, while living in this body. Second, to be free from reentry into another body.
The path of salvation; The path to moksha (samyak darshan, gyaan and charitra form the mokshamaarg)
In Akram Vignan the path to liberation is AtmaGnan-followed by the ratnatraya mentioned above.
One who sees this relative world as real.
Ignorance; Beliefs not discriminating between true and false
Zero awareness of the Self.
Desire or attachment for something external or belonging to another
The one who is lost in passion in the unaware state.
silence, Vow of silence.
Dadashri defines mouna, silence as all words which lead to the Self.
The liberated Soul
Liberation from the cycle of births and deaths
Release; Emancipation; Freedom . (Opp., of bandhan)
Origin; Root; Base
Intense desire to know the Self; Intense desire to be free……see Jignasha
Meditation to achieve only moksha
One who desires to achieve moksha; Spiritual aspirant; Seeker of Liberation
(also Mana); The faculty of the inner organ, antahkaran, something translated as "mind", which
is the substrate for all thoughts
General word for Mendicant, Sage, Saint; Sadhu
All that is perceived in the relative world. See Amurta.
Image of deity installed in a temple for worship
Physique-determining karma; Body making karma
Karma that determines destinies and body types
That which offers individual diversities to a Jiva
Real Self; God; The fully Realized Self
Lord; Sri Krishna
Instrumental; Causal support
Name and form; The nature of the world
Obeisance; Bow with reverence
To close all passions and let go of the ego, by bowing to the Self within all. Internal namaskaar of the Self realized.
The world of infernal beings; Hellish
Nine ideals - Arihant, Siddha, Achaarya, Upaadhyaya, Sadhu, Samyak darshana, Samyak gyaan, Samyak chaaritra, and Tapas
Nine essences: Jiva -life, Ajiva - non-life, Aasrav - obstruction by karma, Bandh - bindings, Sanvar - , Nirjaraa - release of karmas , Moksha - liberation, Paap - sin and Punya - meritorious deeds
The most respected and central mantra of the Jains: Namo Arihantanam
Namo Siddhanam, Namo Aayariyanam, Namo Uvajjhayanam and Namo Loyesavvasahunam; these are salutations to the five great benefactors
also Namokar Mantra….Nine lines of the highest obeisance to those who are or have been in the path of the ‘Real’
Obeisance to Panch Parmeshti
Guide; Viewpoint; Areas of knowledge covering one aspect. There are two broad nayas in Jainism - Dravyaarthik and Paryaayaarthik, other nayas are encompassed within these two
"This is not that, This is not that"; Negating all names and forms in order to arrive at the eternal underlying truth
Dadashri states that this is the final conclusion of Vedanta.
Deep concentration to become 'One";. To be ‘Self’ absorbed
Varying levels of contemplation of that which one wants to become...eg Gnani's niddidhyasan commences by visualising His face and this progresses to the final niddidhyasan, His state.
Relative knowledge of world
Body containing countless jeeva or lives
A class of infitesimal, imperceptible dormant beings awaking from apathy and starting spiritual evolution, to replace the liberated being.
The lowest form of life
Freedom from doubt
Unalterable on account of the nature of the karma
Karma which cannot be lightened or burned by tapas (eg. sankraman, udeerna, utkarshan, apkarshan etc.), this karma arises invariably at its appointed time
The different ways of putting a thing ; Linguistic analysis
Instrument; Supporting cause
Viraag is the same
Vitarag is higher , absolutely detached.
Free of fault and karma
One who has overcome desires and attractions; The unbound, the one devoid of all passions.
Slow dissolution or separation of karma from atma, self.
Annihilatin of Karmas, ‘Discharge’
Purging of Karmas, ‘Discharge’
Dissociation of karmas
Without any coverings or tendency to adhere to any karmas
Liberation of atma; moksha; Fully enlightment. No further births. Emancipation
Release from bondage; The final death of an enlightened human being [arhat] followed immediately by moksha
The place at which a Tirthankara attained nirvana
The place where an arihant exists.
To be detached from worldliness or samsaar
Dadashri: The state which is free from physical perception of pain, the state of knower of pain.
Without any sexual inclinations of any kind, in the relative world.
Freedom from I-ness or My-ness;. Without any vikalp. In Dadashri's Language , "I am the body" idea, "I am Chandulal " is vikalp." I am Shuddhatma " , is nirvikalp. See sankalp.
To behold the formless; Still mental state; Release from imaginations
State of total realization
The highest realisation where only the undisturbed bliss of God (Aatma) is experienced
Experience of Atma all the time while doing all the duties of life.
Being free from "I-ness" and "My-ness"
The state of bliss of the Self that prevails in adhi, vyadhi and upadhi is nirvikalp samadhi according to Dadashri
Determination; Here, ‘The Real’, Pure Alertness on the Path to Liberation
The State of The Self.
Lifeless life. True life is the awareness of the Self.
The charged batteries of thoughts, speech and acts.
Without any inner reaching out tendency, in any direction.
With a firm determination
Cessation of mental tendencies. A life of having no physical things as followed by Sanyasis
Opposite of Pravritti
To be done, as after Gnan.
Restraint of mind. Ethical rules
Activity in accordance with resolve, or rule
Spatial limitation; Rule; Fate;
Order of destiny
Neutral karmas; Non-charging karmas.
The Sacred syllable, representing ‘Panch Parmeshti’
Atma;. The Self; Most sacred word. It is a symbol of both the personal God, Ishwara and the Absolute . Sign as ?
The sacred syllable representing ‘Panch Parmeshti’(Five Supreme Souls in or almost in perfect self-realisation: Arihant, Siddha, Acharya, Upadhyay and Sadhu). The external sound of the Real
Harmful karma ; Unwholesome karmas
Demerit; Sin; Malfiecence or evil deed
Bad consequences of bad acts. See punya . In Dadashri's language, any suffering caused to others is paap and any relief offered to others is poonya
Bad deeds which lead to even more bad deeds
Good deeds which lead to bad deeds
The 23rd Tirthankar
A kind of posture ( asana of sitting cross-legged)
Five great Soul categories in or almost in Perfect Self-Realisation viz. Arihant, Sidha, Acharya, Upadhyay and Sadhu.
Earth, water, fire, wind and space
Five-sensed (touch, taste,smell, sight and hearing)
Path; Congregation; Following
The situations which create further bondage in current life.
Other; Supreme; Ultimate
Dadashri: Swa is opposite of para. Swa is the Self. Para is the non-Self. In worldly terms para is that which is beyond the worldly self, and that is The Self.
Real, human endeavour
Tremendous inner spiritual effort after Gnan
The being, location, time, or state, respectively, of other objects
Highest state of ascetic renunciation
The One who continuously remains aware of the Self and the non-Self.
Impersonal effulgence emanating from ‘the absolutely enlightened Self, 'Dada Bhagwan' within; God, The Lord Within.
Ultimate truth; Atma; Ultimate Knowledge
Meeting with atmas in a much higher state than one’s own
Absolute humility; Egoless state
The One whose bliss is eternal
Ultimate perception; Absolute perception
That which is for the salvation of others.
Enkindling or awakening of the Self by the grace of a Gnani Purush
The highest state of the Soul
Highest, most auspicious location; Extremely bright; heavenly
The siddha state.
Speaking ill of others
The emotion emanating from pardharma
The state of the non-Self, the worldly state.
Foreign religion; In the context of the atma, the dharmas of the material world are pardharma
That which is separate from the Self
Attachment to material objects; Acquisitive and accumulative behavior; Greed ; Possessiveness; Possession
Transformation; Change(as function of time); result
The current state. It could be either the non-Self or the Self.
Internally induced suffering; Afflictions ; Suffering or trouble. There are 22 different kinds of suffering according to the Jain scriptures. See Oopsarg
That which arises within and remains within, causing pain to the relative self.
Change : Dravya parivartan = change of material clusterts
Bhav parivartan = change of realms of birth
Kshetra parivartan = change of space units
Bhaav parivartan = change of state of the soul
Kaala parivartan = change of time units
Eternal bliss; Supreme bliss
Atom; Smallest particle of matter; Subatomic particle
Extra-fine (Sushma-Sushma); Elementary; Self-existing particle of matter; Smaller than even an atom.
Absolute reality; The highest viewpoint, which includes all points
Transcendental; That which benefits all
It is human soul; which on complete purification from matter attains to the level of divine perfection
The Supreme Self; The Fully realized Self
The state of the Fully Enlightened One
Indirect perception, accomplished through the senses, inference, etc.
This contrasts with pratyakash which means direct.
Mediate knowledge; Indirect knowledge
Absorption in the Non-Self substances or circumstances
Under the domain of the non-Self.
Prevalence and power of the Non-self.
Domain of the Non-Self
The state of being dependant on external situations or circumstances
Modes or states; Phases
Mutation or modifications
Changing state of things
Yellow silken garment
Repentance of transgressions
Expiation – internal austerity
associated with super strength or energy
Manifested form; Another name for God
True wisdom. A higher mode of knowing
Reasoning ;intelligence; Enlightened, pure intellect.
(Also Prajna) Consciousness; Awareness;
The force of The Self, that leads to final and absolute Self realization.
Light…..here the light of Knowledge
(also Prakriti); Materialised nature. Original nature of mind and matter in the Samkhya doctrine; Types of karma
Nature; Principle of matter
Primordial nature; The material substratum . Everything except the Self .Causal matter ; also called Shakti . See Purush
Period of rest; End; Destroy; Destruction
Demanifestation; Complete merging ; Dissolution
Disrespect towards dharma, laziness and passions are aspects of pramaad
Unmindfulness; Spiritual inertia; Carelessness
True knowledge; That which understands something from all aspects
Life-emplacing. Techniques to manifest "life" within an object.
In course of fruition; fructifying (karma); Destiny…..see Farjiat
All activities of thoughts, speech and action in this life falls under prarabdha
Sincere regrets; .Reversal of aggression created through thoughts, speech or action
Affinity worth-adoring; A welcome spell of fascination
To be stopped by attraction to extraneous objects; Hindrance
Apology for the transgression of normality; Begging pardon of the one embittered or aggrieved; Apology coupled with the remorse of any wrong doing; to propitiate the embittered soul.
Reversal of aggresssion created through thoughts, speech or action. Apology coupled with the remorse of any wrong doing, to propitiate the embittered soul
To repent for sins committed
[ Two kinds, Dhravya pratikraman and Bhaav pratikraman]
Dadashri's pratikraman has three components: alochana, pratikraman and pratyakhyan.
Ceremonious installation of an idol; To instill something more into.....
To give 'life' to
Relative or charged self, established in and endowed for the present round of life
Rivals of the Lords
Decision not to do again
Giving up of material objects; detachment
Sincere pledge of never slipping into the error or misdeed, once committed; Determination of the self.Renunciation of certain foods; one of the six aavasyakas; Avowal not to repeat .See Pratikraman Vidhi
Visible before the eyes
Direct perception; Innate knowledge, see also immediate knowledge;
One with whom direct communication is possible. Present
Volitional activity; merits and demerits born of volitional activity; Practice
Application. Effort…..see Gnan prayog
Divine love ., unconditional , unchanging ( Of the Self , For the Self ).
Inanimate objects that have the properties of form, essence, touch and smell; Cosmo-flux of Non-Self matter; That which undergoes modifications by associations and dissociations. [Puran (filling) plus Galan (emptying) = Pudgal]; Integrating and disintegrating of the Non-Self matter]; Matter; The physical body; Cosmic flux for the sole function of puran- intake and galan - output
Act of worship or adoration; Ritual and prayer offered at home or temple
Worship; Offering flowres, applying sandal-wood paste etc.,
One who officiates worship to God in a temple
Worthy of worship
Rebirth; previous births
A man well-versed in scriptures
Merit accumulated from good acts. See paap. Which represents the opposite; Virtuous (karma); Good, meritorious deed
Bad deeds which lead to good deeds
Good deeds which lead to more and greater good deeds
Intake; Charge; Causes .See galan and pudgal; see ‘Pudgal’
Fusion; Combination; Filling in
Influx and release of atoms; Intake and output
Full ; Complete; Infinite
The state of being complete, full.
The term is variously used to mean Pure Soul
Absolute Self; Immutable
Also Purusa . The Self which abides in all living beings; Self-Realised Soul
Freewill endeavour for Liberation, after initial Self-realization….see Marjeeyat Endeavour for Liberation, after Self-Realisation
Previous; Past; Earlier literature
- A group of fourteen Jain canonical text, now extinct
Also Rag .. Attachment; Liking; A situation arising out of ignorance of the Self.; See dwesh
Desire; Passion; Attachment; Infatuation
Attachment & Abhorrence or Aversion
Eating at night
Fully realised Soul; A great poet, mystic, Shatavadhani, ‘Kripalu Dev’. He emphasised the indispensibililty of a Gyani for Self-Realisation; enlightened Mahatma Gandhiji on many religious matters
Incarnation of the Lord; A model for the Real amidst the Relatives; Son of King Dashrath; married to Sita, conquered Ravan of Lanka; An ideal Ruler; received the knowledge of the Self from sage Vashistha.
The three jewel: right faith or insight, right knowledge, right conduct
Oppressive; Tyrannical; Inflicting pain on others; Scary; Horrifying
Evil meditation of four types - hinsanand, mrushaanand, choryanand and vishayasanrakshaanand which sees pleasure in violence, untruth, theft and greed respectively; this leads to hell
Meditation on the perverse pleasure of causing injury to others; wrathful meditation
[Dada explains: Even a thought of depriving someone of happiness (even if it is not actually carried out) is raudradhyaana]
The first Tirthankara - great teacher Also known as Aadinaath or Aadam
Sages one with great spiritual powers; Srimad describes Rishi as of four types - Raj, Brahma, Dev and Param - Raj has great worldly powers, Brahma even greater, Dev is godly and Param is one with Kevala Gyana or perfect knowledge, fully liberated
Inter-action or mutual pull causal upon the subtle bond of the deeds of pre-births
Interaction due to the subtle bond of past deeds
Formed; Substance that has appearance, color, smell and touch
- Outward appearance. Material form; Body; Form
That which comes into a concrete existence
Spiritual practice; discipline for Spiritual progress
One who perseveres to attain the state of the Self; Monk
A Sage, A Monk devoted to the Self-Realisation. Saadhu (male); Saadhvi (female). Mendicants
One who has known the Self and continues to do so.
Having form; personal
State of realization
Aperiod of two ghadis (24 minutes each) to stay in a calm, meditative state with samtaa bhaav
Maintaining equanimity for a set period of time; Initiatory admission
A Jain ritual of Purificatory worship of 48 minutes, thrice a day
Attaining equanimity; fusion with the true Self.
Taking a vow to devote so much time everyday, once, twice or three times, at sunrise, sunset, and noon for contemplation of the self for spiritual advancement
Desisting from harmful activities
To be together; Very close to
Karma which brings worldly joys to the soul
Truth, conciousness and bliss
Bliss of the Alert Pure Self; also separated in three words : Sat-Chit-Anand (Eternal-Awareness-Bliss)
The highest master' usually the one who liberates
Spontaneity. Shaktis spontaneously created. Naturalness
Joyful by nature; The bliss which is effortless
Associated with the natural
Living; The Awakened One
Great soul in human form
The state of superconciousness where Absolutness is experienced attended with all-knowledge and joy.
One-ness with the Pureself; Undisturbed by any external non-self reaction
Death in peace and with awareness; Blissful death
Death while in meditation of the Self
The process of agreement of internal evidences like buddhi, intellect
Implementing the idea into action
Preparation for a thing, i.e. collecting materials for it.
[ Also see Samrambha and Aarambha ]
Total surrender ., offering.
Smallest division of Time Moment
To settle with equanimity
Fourth of the five Divine Dictates of Dada Bhagvan, asking the Mahatma to deal with any circumstances and situations, favourable or otherwise, with a mind calm and composed, free of any hindrance or conflicts
"Equal vision". Seeing all things as equalNeutral viewpoint; Even attitude towards friend or foe, joy or sorrow, respect or criticism;
To commence any activity with due attention to not violating any creature
Blessed state of the Self-realisation and Equanimity. Synonymous with Samyak or Samyaktva; True path; Samyak darshan
Three vows or goals : 1)Upshama samkit- dedicated' faultless' doubtless following the guru or the enlightened one (2) Kshaayik samkit-initial exoerience of the ultimate Truth after destroying all passions' and (3) Kshaayopashmik samkit-union with True knowledge, continuous and consistent realization of the same
The one who has attained right view-vision-belief
The origin of an idea
[ Also see Aarambha and Samaarambha ]
(also Sansaar) The wheel or ocean of life and death. Cycle of transmigration
Cycle of birth and death
The worldly life; Mundane affairs; Perpetuation of worldly life; Mundane affairs; ‘I-My’-sense.
A mental impression produced by past experiences, mental or behavioural patterns.
Coefficients of conciousness
Blocking the influx (flow) of karmic matter into the nature of soul
To close the doors to incoming karma inhibition
Blocking the influx(flow) of karmic matter into the nature of soul
Spiritual path; the stoppage of karmic influx
The stoppage of inflow of karmic matter into the soul
Stoppage of karmic inflow
Annual holy day when Jains pray repentance for all sins through the year
The bhaav of detachment
Fear of worldly existence,see also dread of worldly existence
Authentic; The Right and Real
Enlightened conduct; Proper conduct
Enlightened world-view; Near perfect enlightened world view
Right faith Right attitiude; Predilection for truth; Enlightnment; Spiritual vision
Correct view of reality; True spiritual insight; Faith in the teachings
A Self with discriminative knowledge
The fourth gunasthaana, in which one attains samyak-darsana
Right knowledge Right cognition
Correct knowledge; Knowledge associated with samyak-darsana
Authenticity Near perfect enlightened world view.
Equipoise; Equanimity; A Detached but Alert State of Mind
Permanent; From time immemorial; Eternal
The Saint’s brotherhoods
Interactive activity with another living being e.g sexual relations
The highest manifestatin of Godself, One in All and All in one-where all the deities and divinities mingle in one Single Incarnation; The one who accepted by all religions
"This is mine ". See vikalp and nirvikalp. My-ness
The liberation from "I am this body" idea and identity according to Dada
Renunciation of the world and its attachments; The fourth and last stage of life
The worldly life where the soul wanders; Surrounding worlds
The one who lives and dies relating to worldly affairs
Path of Spiritual Evolution, starting from the entry of a Jiva (sentient being) in Vyavahar (interactive life state) raashi from Nigod (dormant state of Apathy), ending with Liberation
Also Samskaras .. Innate tendencies
Circumstance; Assimilation of evidences. Also sanjog. See viyog
All intuiting; One with complete vision
All Knowing. The Gnani Purush……see Sarvadarsi
An omniscient being; a synonym for kevalin
Maximal from all aspects; Most excellent
(also Shastra) Scripture
The teachings of a Vitaraagi (liberated from passions)
Existence; Being; Absolute. Self . Above Satya and Asatya
Self-realised; Absolute Soul
It is a combination of the words Sat (being), Chit(conciousness) and Ananda (bliss).Emphasizes the unmanifest aspect of the Absolute. It is perceived as being real, while the phenomenal universe as unreal and illusory.
Existence absolute (Sat), Knowledge absolute (Chit), Bliss absolute (Anand)
Truth,conciousness and bliss
The three characteristics of Brahman( The Self): being, conciousness and bliss
The company of the Self
That brings forth and brings interest in the truth; Meeting of people seeking the truth
Meeting for Religious Discourse and Enlilghtenment
The company of those who have had vision of Sat
Truth; The principle of balance or righteousness
The first of the Four Ages, characterised by virtue, wisdom, happiness and morality, according the Hindu Mythology
Reigning and Protecting Gods and Goddesses
Literal meaning of a word. See bhaavarth and paramaarth.
Filled with energy
Literally most worthy and adorable person; They are 63 Shalaka Purush in each ‘score and four’. They are 24 Tirthankars, 12 Sovereign Kings, 9 Vasudevas, 9 Baldev and 9 Prativasudev.
The 24 Tirthankars + 12 Chakravartis + 9 Vasudevas + 9 Prativasudevas + 9 Balbhadras are the 63 great personages
Lord Shiva; Dynamic, Auspicious Energy; Annihilator of the Illusory world
Compendium or collection of knowledge
Those who rely on and preach through scriptures
Pleasure, feeling that which brings pleasure; Expense of pleasure
An epithet or respect for a merchant or a rich person.
Camp; Here, Get-together of the Seekers for the spiritual enlightenment
One who listens to the knowledgeable one; Devout follower
A Jain house-holder; Etymologically it means one who listens, unbiased; One who has faith (Shra), Humility (Va), Pure Pursuit (Ka); Shravak (male) Shravaki (female).
A Layman; a synonym for upasaka and sramanopasaka
Sadhu; Muni; Monk
An attribute, showing reverence and beatitude
The long path or steps towards liberation; Steps that overcome the 21 animal instincts
King of Magadh who was a great follower of Lord Mahavir and lived in the same period
Shri Simandhar Swami
Tirthankar Bhagavan traversing at present Mahavideh Kshetra; Current Arihant
A form of knowledge acquired by reading scriptures,knowledge based on the ability to intrpret signs, words, writing, gestures, etc.
Knowledge from memory; literate knowledge
Scriptural or verbal knowledge; Articulate knowledge; Knowledge derived from instruction and reasoning
Beneficial; Auspicious; Punya
Emotion or bhava free of passions; Worship of Vitaraagi (one free from passions); Charity, compassion, self-control etc. are shubha or auspicious
The perfectly pure
State (existence) of pure, passionless modification manifested in the abscence of 'Charitra moha' karma
Activities of the atma that are free of love or hate; The state of Equanimity
Untinged with any kind of passion and engaged in experiencing the bliss of the Self
The process of internal purification
Constant awareness that " I am Shuddhatma"
The state of natural meditation of the Self
The relative meanings are: Meditation by pure motives; White(pure) meditation
Dadashri defines Shukla Dhyaan as the state of the Soul wherein there is natural observation of all that comes in front of the Self; The Knower-Seer state
That knowledge which does not produce any Spiritual results
One who cannot discriminate, superficial knowledge limited only to expression
The state of dreamless sleep in which distinctions between knower and known are abolished.
Atma that is free from all 8 major karmas; liberated
A liberated soul; a kevalin freed from all activities whatsoever
The Realized Soul
Culmination of Spiritual accomplishment
The destiny of the Siddha
The permanent abode of the Siddha; a synonym for isat-pragbhara-bhumi
Magical or spiritual power for the control of self, others and other forces of nature
Yogic power miraculous powers attained by yoga. There are 8 such - Animaa, Mahimaa, Garimaa, Laghimaa, Praapti, Praakamya, Ishitva, Vashitva; Consummation of knowledge Supernatural powers
Past experiences of many previous lives
Creative instinctive incipient memory
The affirmation 'I am He ' or ‘I am That’.
The feet of the Gnani . This is the only place where ego is dissolved. There is no other way or place to dissolve the ego. Holy feet…. The place that represents surrender
Fine (body) uncuttable and all pervasive
A non-vedic mendicant, usually a Jaina or a Buddhist
Immobile beings, such as plants immobile, with bodies having one sense
Dwellers in halls; Name of a Jaina sect whose members do not worship in temples
Steady (circulation of blood, bile, etc)
Perfect balance of mind. One established in Spiritual Wisdom
The Sage of steady wisdom
Gross or apparent; Readily apparent; Physical
Devoid of intrinsic reality
Negation of duality
Aphoristic mode of presentation; The canonical scriptures
Study-internal austerity; Study of the Self
For self; Selfishness
Exploit of the Real self
Experiencing one’s own atma
The state that distinguishes the Soul
To act by own wishes out of arrogance
One’s duty; Atma’s duty
Ethical rules applying to oneself
One’s atma which has endless properties or gunas and forms
Pure-Self oriented exploit
Effort related to Self only
True nature of things
Form. Real form or Real nature; The Self.
Shuddhatma; Seeing oneself
Incessant identification with the Pureself
The time of the Self
The realm of the Self ; Own regime; Own kingdom
The state of freedom
Activities of the atma
White (cotton) clad; name of Jaina sect whose mendicants wear white garments
(see Svarup )Real form or Real nature; The Self
The event of being absorbed in the Self
Vision of Relative Pluralism; The doctrine of qualified assertion philosophy of seven standpoints of the Jains; Relativity
Absorbed; Concentrating; of the same form
Absorbed in a substance
Luminous; Electric body; Electric of mundane souls which always accompanies them
Inertia or sluggishness. One of the three gunas, satva, rajas, tamas. The Self is above these gunas
The principle of inertia in the Samkhya doctrine
The state of being absorbed in body, mind or speech
Austerity; Penance. One of the four pillars of the state of the partially Realized. Gnan, Darshan and Charitra are the other three; Repentance; Remorse
Control of the senses; Control of desires
Austerities for attaining liberation
Element ; Essence ; Principle
Essence; central meaning
[ there six eternal tattvas: ]
Real buddhi; Samyak buddhi
Knowledge of the essence; Knowledge of the truth
Category of Truth
State of knowledge greatly focused on the Atma
Accentuated and constant desire to achieve moksh and to be free of worldly attachments
To be covered
Ford; Ford founders rule
(i) Place of Pilgrimage (ii) Association of Aspirants. (ii) dharma; Place of piligrimage; Place of liberation; Congregation of sadhus and shravaks the path of Jaina practice; The monastic order
Preacher of true dharma; Founder of a teertha; One who with kevala gyaan; The Omni-Science Manifest; The Absolute; The Arihant; Builders of the ford; The omniscient spiritual teachers of the Jainas Founder of religion (ford-founder).
Animal and plant life
The two, three, four and five sensed beings are known as tras
Threefold suffering namely of Adhi, Vyadhi and Upadhi
Renunciation through the medium of the ego; Renunciatin or abnegatin, in Absence of the Self-realisation; Non-attainment of the Pure Self
Apathy; mental indolence
Equanimity; Peace; Detachment
Coming into effect; Arising; rise (eg. of karma , or the sun etc.)
Maturity of fruition of past deeds
Energy that makes possible the premature fruition of karmas
Process of premature realisation
The rise of karma before their time, because of penance
Clinging; Spiritual readiness
Limitation imposed upon the Self through ignorance. In the relative world the problems and suffering created by external circumstances.See aadhi and vyaadhi; Afflication from some Supernatural, external world; Adventitious misery; Worldly entanglements
Preceptor; Teacher of monks (sadhus)
The benevolent; The one who is beneficial
Externally induced suffering
Energy that temporarily prevents karmas from coming to fruition
Partially realized….partially controlled passions (see….Kshayak samkit)
Dedicated; Faultless; Doubtless following the guru or the enlightened one
Relaxation and peace experienced when karma declines
The stepwise path of relaxing from 21 kinds of natural instincts or karma
Applied consciousness; Sentience; Sentient application; Active and alert attentiveness of the Real Self
Active (part) of conciousness
Controlled usage of material objects during a recess from spiritual exertions
That which is proceeding towards higher level of existence
To rise to higher level of birth eg. from human to heavenly bodies
The higher plane of existence
The celestial world world of liberated souls; Moksha
Maximum or excellent
Ascending cycle(of six aeons)
Ascending round; Progressive half-cycle
- The ascending six Eras when lifespans, strength and prosperity of all living creatures increase
Scriptural reading by the Guru
Subtle desire; Mental tendencies.
"Without desires". Indifference to pleasure and pain. Non-attachment
Extinction or fading of all attachment,
A state of detachment; Indifference towards all worldly things; True renunciation.
Detachment from close bonds of home and family
Aversion leading to renunciation
The non-attachment to sense pleasures
A devotee of Lord Vishnu, or Krishna; Faith of such persons
Oblique or downward movement (of the Self).
False knowledge; Self-cheating intelligence
To remain in obscurity and delusion
Classes of material clusters
Collection of vargas - vargas are themselves collection of karmic particles
Becoming ‘Being’ or ‘Living’ with the inner conviction of the Real
Now. Current. See bhoot and bhavishya
Capacity by which a substance has a function
Sexual disposition e.g Purushved…desire for male
There are two kinds: bhavaveda (desire to enjoy due to rise of passions) and dravyaveda (the sense of being individual) which are of three types: Striveda, Purusaveda and Napusankaveda
Felt as such(enlightened world view)
That which results in individual pain or pleasures, and accordingly known as (i) Ashata vedaniya (ii) Shata vedaniya
Sensation-producing karma,also sensation karma.
Karma responsible for mundane experience of pain and pleasure karma causing physical pain
The state of the non-self toward emotions; love, hate etc.; Defiled; Impure
A distinct and different property; Transformation of a thing
Attribute of non-self
Oscillation of the mind between the substance and the mode
Shifting attention from one mode to another
State dominated with thoughts such as “ the world is pre-occupied with its own workings, is fearful and full of dukkha and that love and hate continue in cycles…”; being absorbed in thoughts
Not with body .......see Sadeha
To be in a state where despite having a body, one remains unaffected
State of behaving as a body-less atma in spite of having a body; such were Srimad Rajchandra, A.M.Patel (Dadashri) and Janaka
Auspicious ceremony; That which is worth doing
Science of Absolutism of Dada; Exceptional intellectual and creative power(Jainism)
Exceptional intellectual and creative power
I-sense; Ego-centric approach.
Ego-centric approach, “I am Chandulal” is vikalp
Carnal desire, passion, oscillation of the mind between the substance and the mode
Here, an article dealing with the means for Liberation
Humility; Reverence to the elders
Reverence – internal austerity;. Veneration
Contrary to ones nature
Non-real or Perverted ; Contradictory.
Knowledge through wrong belief
Opposite of Aaradhana. To descend spiritually by negating any living being; disrespect
Vast, pervading the universe
The aggregate consciousness of all the gross bodies of the universe; Macrocosm, the physical world.
Abstention from harmful acts
Cessation; Pause; Break
Contradiction; Appearance of contradiction or paradox
Sexual activity ; Subject; Object of sense-pleasure; Object of sense-pleasure;
‘subject’ as ‘Dada’ says; as it subjects one to liability or bondage
To be absorbed in the experience of the five senses; sensuality
One who engrosses oneself in and lustfully enjoys the subject
To have or act with feeling towards that which is non-self
Sense of "I am Chandulal" (as oppose to "I am Shuddhatma" )
Worshipped by the world
Oblivion; Non-interference of the world through detachment towards it.
Free from passion; An epithet for an arhat (?)
Vitaraag -Absolutely free from Attachments
A state of Absolutism or Total Non-attachment
Discrimination between right and wrong, beneficial and non-beneficial, truth and untruth; Courtesy
Dissipation of event
Emanations from the mind; Tendency; Subcommentary
Physical suffering, malady, disease.
Determinant concomitant; Spreading
One who contradicts
Lack of effect indicating lack of cause; Disagree
Ordinary behavior; Custom
Worldly affairs through thoughts, speech and action
Moral obligations in day-to-day life; Relative religion for a happy life
Empirical; That which relates to the relative realm of thought, speech and action
Honest behaviour; Purity of motives - this leads to happiness in this life as well as the next
Orderly, Exact. Scientific Circumstance
Scientific Circumstantial Evidence; Cosmic, Computerised Schedule; The Non-partial, Universal Executrix
Cosmic Computerised Energy; Non-Partial- Well ordered Cosmic Energy
A well organised, benevolent, impartial energy or power
Here a Spiritual movement
Karma which brings fame and credit to oneself
Movement in the regions of the atma; Meeting of atma with moksha; Attainment of the instruments of moksha; Meditation Activity of mind, speech, physique; Mode through which Union with God or Pure Self is sought.
Union. Science of the union of the individual with God.
Action; activity. In Gnani’s Science all yoga, union involves action or activity e.g. Karma yoga….activity
A measure of distance equal to about eight or nine miles
Source; Place of creation
your links to
the world of